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Step into your break room, and take a look around with fresh eyes. Our staff room is used to collaborate and plan activities, lessons and to share ideas on how we can educate our students better. 

Welcome to Geo for CXC – The CXC Geography Guide! The science of Geography involves the study of the Earth, its features and its people.This educational website is designed to help you study Geography and prepare you for the CXC Geography Examination. 

This syllabus is designed to provide a coherent view of the significance of information in a socio-economic context. Emphasis is placed on application of knowledge, problem-solving using the computer, and proficiency in using productivity tools. This approach has been adopted in recognition of the impact that changes in the availability of information can have on the educational process. Focus is placed on getting students to develop skills for life in an increasingly technological world, rather than on students absorbing a myriad of seemingly unrelated facts which may have only short term relevance.

The syllabus aims to expose candidates to a wide range of Information and Communication Technologies, affording learning experiences which include an element of discovery, and foster self-confidence. Candidates would also acquire computer-related practical skills that will prepare them to meet the region’s need for increased productivity and efficiency in a fast changing technological world. The syllabus has been organized to offer certification at the General Proficiency only.

The syllabus is organised under eight main sections.

Section 1Fundamentals of Hardware and Software
Section 2Problem-Solving and Program Design
Section 3Program Implementation
Section 4Applications and Implications of Information and Communications Technology
Section 5Information Processing
Section 6Word processing, Presentation and Web Page Design
Section 7Spreadsheets
Section 8Database Management

Principles of Accounts is a course of study that provides an introduction to the principles and techniques that accountants employ in measuring, processing, evaluating and communicating information about the financial performance and position of a business.

The course in Principles of Accounts helps students to develop an understanding of a range of theoretical and practical techniques used in accounting. It helps to develop skills that should enable them to participate more effectively and responsibly in today’s business environment, to improve the management of personal financial activities, such as, budgeting, savings and investment. In addition, this course prepares students for postsecondary and professional studies in accounting.

The syllabus is arranged in 14 sections consisting of specific objectives and related content.

Section 1Introduction to Principles of Accounts
Section 2The Classified Balance Sheet
Section 3Books of Original Entry
Section 4Ledgers and the Trial Balance
Section 5The Preparation and Analysis of Financial Statements of the Sole-trader
Section 6End of Period Adjustments
Section 7Control Systems
Section 8Incomplete Records
Section 9Accounting for Partnerships
Section 10Accounting for Corporations (Limited Liability Companies)
Section 11Accounting for Co-operative Societies
Section 12Accounting for Non-Trading (Non Profit) Organisations
Section 13Manufacturing Accounts
Section 14Payroll Accountin

The syllabus aims to: 

1. encourage the acquisition of fundamental language skills needed to function successfully in practical everyday situations requiring the use of the target language(s); 

2. develop an understanding of the standard spoken and written forms of French and Spanish;

3. encourage communication in French and Spanish in a manner acceptable to native speakers; 

4. encourage students to appreciate their own culture and those of their neighbouring Francophone and Hispanic countries; 

5. develop a foundation for further study and the world of work.

Principles of Business focuses on the theoretical and practical aspects of business activities. It provides a framework to assist in more informed decision-making by individuals in their role of producers or consumers. This syllabus provides opportunity for students to develop entrepreneurial and managerial skills necessary to survive and prosper in a local, regional and global dynamic business environment. It also engages students in conducting research which helps to improve their communication and critical thinking skills and creates an awareness of business ethics and social responsibilities.

The Principles of Business syllabus is arranged in into 10 sections.

Profile Dimension 1 – Organisational Principles

Section 1The Nature of Business
Section 2Internal Organisational Environment
Section 3Establishing a Business
Section 4Legal Aspects of Business

Profile Dimension 2 – Production, Marketing and Finance

Section 5Production
Section 6Marketing
Section 7Business Finance

Profile Dimension 3 – The Business Environment

Office Administration is a Business Education subject concerned with the study of administrative principles, policies, procedures and technological competencies governing the modern office environment. The content and teaching strategies used reflect current trends in the modern office. The syllabus aims to provide students with knowledge, skills and attitudes for immediate access to entry-level positions such as administrative assistants, clerical assistants, receptionists, record management clerks, accounting clerks and factory and dispatch clerks and other related positions.

The syllabus adopts a practical approach, aimed at equipping students with the technical and professional skills to perform effectively, and for mobility as administrative support personnel within an organisation. Further, it seeks to nurture and improve students’ social and personal management skills and foster the development of a positive work ethic. In addition, the syllabus provides the foundation for students desirous of furthering their education in other related fields.

The syllabus is arranged in 12 sections, subdivided into specific objectives and corresponding content.

Section IOffice Orientation
Section IICommunication
Section IIIRecruitment and Orientation
Section IVRecords and Information Management
Section VReception and Hospitality
Section VIMeetings
Section VIITravel Arrangements
Section VIIIHuman Resources Management
Section IXAccounts and Financial Services
Section XProcurement and Inventory Management
Section XISales, Marketing and Customer Service
Section XIIOperations, Despatch and Transport services

Human and Social Biology is concerned with the study of the structure and functioning of the human body. It also involves the application of biological principles, knowledge and skills, and technological advances, to the maintenance of health and to solve the problems of living together. The subject incorporates the view that human beings have a responsibility to their environment and, as such, have an obligation to conserve, protect, maintain and improve its quality.

The CSEC Human and Social Biology syllabus is designed to allow students to work individually and cooperatively, utilizing theoretical concepts of the course in interactive and practical activities. Students are expected to apply investigative and problem-solving skills, be effective in communicating scientific knowledge and demonstrate an appreciation for all living organisms in their environment.

The syllabus is organised under five main sections:

Section ILiving organisms and the environment
Section IILife processes
Section IIIHeredity and variation
Section IVDisease and its impact on humans
Section VThe impact of health practices on the environment

Geography is concerned with spatial expression, human and natural systems and the interrelationships between them. It facilitates an understanding of both the issues emerging from human exploitation of natural resources and how natural resources may be managed to assure sustainability. It contributes to an awareness and understanding of the natural environment and fosters an appreciation of its sustainability. It also encourages the development of a sense of responsibility in using and conserving the natural resources of the planet.

The study of Geography, therefore, prepares an individual not only for a career in fields such as environment planning and management, international relations and geographical information systems, but also helps to develop skills that contribute to more meaningful and enjoyable travel and related leisure activities.

The Geography Syllabus, though not limited to a study of the Caribbean, focuses on areas of study that are particularly relevant to Caribbean students. The syllabus utilises Field Studies to concretise the link between the subject matter of Geography and the methods of investigation associated with it. Students have an opportunity to observe, experience, reflect on, and draw conclusions about the intricate interdependence and interrelationships that comprise the human and natural systems.

The syllabus is organised under four main sections, namely, Map Reading and Field Study; Natural Systems; Human Systems and Human-Environment Systems.

Social Studies contributes to the effective development of the learner by increasing personal and social awareness, and by placing emphasis on values as well as on social and interpersonal relationships. This syllabus seeks to ensure that students develop the necessary skills and at the same time introduces them to knowledge of social phenomena that may enhance their effectiveness as social participants in the Caribbean community. It is also intended that, through the syllabus, the process of valuing would be made conscious so that persons become aware of their position, thus enabling them to bring conscious criteria to bear on their choices as social participants.

Although the main focus of the syllabus is the Caribbean, opportunities have been provided for the treatment of international issues which have a bearing on Caribbean development.

The syllabus content is organised into three major sections. Students are required to complete Sections A and B and one Option from Section C.

Section AIndividual, Family and Society
Section BSustainable Development and Use of Resources(i) Development and Use of Resources(ii) Regional Integration
Section COptions:C1 – Communication

C2 – Consumer Affairs

C3 – Tourism


Physics is a science that deals with matter and energy and their interactions. It is concerned with systems, laws, models, principles and theories that explain the physical behaviour of our world and the universe. Physics is regarded as a fundamental scientific discipline since all advances in technology can be traced either directly or indirectly to the physical laws and theories.

The CSEC Physics Syllabus is redesigned with a greater emphasis on the application of scientific concepts and principles. Such an approach is adopted in order to develop those long-term transferrable skills of ethical conduct, teamwork, problem solving, critical thinking, innovation and communication. In addition, it encourages the use of various teaching and learning strategies to inculcate these skills while, at the same time catering to multiple intelligences and different learning styles and needs. The syllabus will assist students to develop positive values and attitudes towards the physical components of the environment and will also provide a sound foundation for those who wish to pursue further studies in science.

The syllabus is arranged in five sections, namely:

SECTION AMechanics
SECTION BThermal Physics and Kinetic Theory
SECTION CWaves and Optics
SECTION DElectricity and Magnetism
SECTION EThe Physics of the Atom

Chemistry is concerned with the physical and chemical properties of substances and the interaction of energy and matter. The study of Chemistry involves an investigation into chemical reactions and processes. The discipline seeks to explain and predict events at the atomic and molecular level. Through the principles of Chemistry, students will understand everyday life, nature and technology, and the significance of the well-being of man and the environment.

The CSEC Chemistry Syllabus is redesigned to allow students to work individually and with others in practical, field and interactive activities that are related to theoretical concepts in the course. It is expected that students will apply investigative and problem-solving skills, effectively communicate scientific information and appreciate the contribution that a study of chemistry makes to their understanding of the world. The syllabus places greater emphasis on the understanding and application of chemical concepts and principles and different learning styles and needs, so that students will develop skills that will be of long term value in an increasingly technological world, rather than focusing on large quantities of factual information. In addition, it encourages the use of various teaching and learning strategies while at the same time catering to multiple intelligences.

The syllabus is divided into three sections, namely:

Section APrinciples of Chemistry
Section BOrganic Chemistry
Section CInorganic Chemistry

Biology is the discipline in science, which seeks to understand the organisation of the organic world through an exploration of the structure and function of life forms at the molecular, cellular, organismal and ecosystem levels, as well as the complex interactions and interdependencies which occur at each of these levels. This knowledge provides the foundation for understanding the opportunities for promoting the well-being of humans and other living organisms in the environment. It generates an awareness of the importance of our biodiversity and the unique role of humans in conserving, protecting and improving the quality of the biological environment for future generations.

The CSEC Biology Syllabus is redesigned with a greater emphasis on the application of scientific concepts and principles. It recognises the need for an understanding of some of the basic principles of Chemistry, Physics and Mathematics, and, therefore seeks to strengthen the inter-relationship with these subjects. It also recognises the inter-relatedness among the topics in Biology, and social and environmental issues. Such an approach is adopted to develop those long-term transferable skills of ethical conduct, teamwork, problem-solving, critical thinking, and innovation and communication. It encourages the use of various teaching and learning strategies to inculcate these skills that will prove useful in everyday life, while at the same time catering to multiple intelligences and different learning styles and needs. It will provide a sound foundation to pursue the study of Life Sciences and related professions at the postsecondary level.

The syllabus is arranged in three sections namely:

Section ALiving Organisms in the Environment
Section BLife Processes and Disease
Section CContinuity and Variation

The Mathematics syllabus explains general and unifying concepts that facilitate the study of Mathematics as a coherent subject rather than as a set of unrelated topics.

The syllabus seeks to provide for the needs of specific mathematical techniques in the future careers of students, for example, in agriculture and in commercial and technical fields. By the end of the normal secondary school course, students should appreciate that the various branches of Mathematics are not rigidly segregated and that the approach to the solution of any problem is not necessarily unique.

The syllabus is arranged in ten sections:

Section 1Computation
Section 2Number Theory
Section 3Consumer Arithmetic
Section 4Sets
Section 5Measurement
Section 6Statistics
Section 7Algebra
Section 8Relations, Functions and Graphs
Section 9Geometry and Trigonometry
Section 10Vectors and Matrices

Students who do the English course will explore receptively and expressively three major literary modes, Drama, Poetry, and Prose Fiction, in order to become aware of the many functions and purposes of language. In doing so, they will discover that the four facets of language arts, namely, listening, speaking, reading and writing, are closely linked together and are interdependent.

Syllabus objectives are organised under understanding and expression in order to guide curriculum development, to give meaning to a teaching programme and to define an assessment scheme that reinforces an English syllabus which has been conceived as an integrated approach to language teaching and which enables students to appreciate the holistic nature of language learning.

The English Syllabus is organised for examination as English A and English B. The former emphasises the development of oral and written language skills among students through a variety of strategies. The latter provides opportunities for students to explore and respond critically to specific literary texts as they observe and appreciate the author’s craft.


Economics is the study of how society provides for itself by making the most efficient use of scarce resources so that both private and social welfare may be improved. The CAPE Economics Syllabus is intended to promote knowledge and understanding of the principles and concepts of economics and to foster an appreciation of the various methods used by economists in analysing economic problems. The knowledge and skills acquired will enable students to contribute to the economic and social development of the Caribbean.

The syllabus is arranged into two Units. Each Unit consists of three Modules.

UNIT 1: MICROECONOMICS

Module 1Methodology: Demand and Supply
Module 2Market Structure, Market Failure and Intervention
Module 3Distribution Theory


Management of Business procedures involved in managing a successful business enterprise.

The CAPE Management of Business syllabus provides not only a good foundation for further study of Management of Business and other related disciplines at the tertiary level, but also opportunities for students to function not only in existing business organisations, but also as successful entrepreneurs having developed the required knowledge and understanding of management principles, practices, and skills required to address managerial problems and the challenges faced by businesses

The syllabus is divided into two (2) Units. Each Unit comprises three Modules.

Unit 1: Management Principles and Processes

Module 1Business and its Environment
Module 2The Management of People
Module 3Business Finance and Accounting


Mathematics is one of the oldest and most universal means of creating, communicating, connecting and applying structural and quantitative ideas. Students doing this syllabus will have already been exposed to Mathematics in some form mainly through courses that emphasise skills in using mathematics as a tool, rather than giving insight into the underlying concepts.

This syllabus will not only provide students with more advanced mathematical ideas, skills and techniques, but encourage them to understand the concepts involved, why and how they “work” and how they are interconnected. It is also to be hoped that, in this way, students will lose the fear associated with having to learn a multiplicity of seemingly unconnected facts, procedures and formulae. In addition, the course should show them that mathematical concepts lend themselves to generalisations, and that there is enormous scope for applications to solving real problems. The course is therefore intended to provide quality in selected areas rather than in a large number of topics.

The syllabus is arranged into two (2) Units, each Unit consists of three Modules.

Unit 2: Complex Numbers, Analysis and Matrices

Module 1Complex Numbers and Calculus II
Module 2Sequences, Series and Approximations
Module 3Counting, Matrices and Differential Equations

Law is a system of rules usually enforced through a series of institutions. The CAPE Law Syllabus assists persons who wish to embark on further study and training for entry into the legal profession; it also addresses the needs of other persons engaged in occupations which require some knowledge of the law, such as clerks, paralegals, administrators, managers, the police and other public officers. It serves to inform persons of their rights and obligations, and to inculcate in them certain positive values, which are necessary in a civilised society.

The syllabus is arranged into two Units. Each Unit consists of three Modules.

UNIT 1: PUBLIC LAW

Module 1Caribbean Legal Systems
Module 2Principles of Public Law
Module 3Criminal Law

Computer science is the study of the theoretical foundations of information and computation and their implementation and application in computer systems. The CAPE Computer Science Syllabus provides persons with advanced knowledge, skills and attitudes to enable them to understand the uses and the impact of computer technologies, and to use the technology to create new computer applications for all areas of human activity. This syllabus provides opportunity for the acquisition of knowledge, skills and attitudes as preparation for further studies in Computer Science and the world of work.

This syllabus consists of two Units , each comprising three Modules.

Unit 1: Fundamentals of Computer Science

Module 1Computer Architecture and Organisation
Module 2Problem-Solving with Computers
Module 3Programming


Physics is the study of nature, conducted in order to understand how the world around us behaves. Physics study matter and its motion, as well as space and time and explores concepts such as forceenergymass, and charge. The CAPE Physics Syllabus will enable persons to be aware of the laws and theories of Physics that influence every aspect of their physical existence and to acquire understanding and knowledge of technological and scientific application of Physics, especially in the Caribbean context. The CAPE Physics Syllabus is structured to ensure that students become aware of their moral, social, and ethical responsibilities as well as the benefits intrinsic to the practical application of scientific knowledge in careers in the field of science. The syllabus also helps to develop an understanding of the scientific process, its usefulness and its limitations.

This syllabus is arranged into TWO Units, each made up of three Modules.

This syllabus is arranged into TWO Units, each made up of three Modules.

Unit 1Mechanics, Waves, Properties of Matter

Module 1Mechanics
Module 2Oscillations and Waves
Module 3Thermal and Mechanical Properties of Matter


Chemistry is a branch of science concerned with the properties and interactions of the substances of which matter is composed. This CAPE Chemistry Syllabus provides the specific knowledge base and the skills and attitudes associated with advanced study of the subject. It is structured to ensure that students become aware of their moral, social and ethical responsibilities, as well as the benefits to be derived from the practical application of scientific knowledge. Completion of the course of study outlined in this syllabus will enable persons to apply chemical principles to societal concerns such as birth control, communicable diseases, environmental pollution, global warming and the depletion of natural resources.

This syllabus is arranged into TWO Units, each made up of three Modules.

Unit 1: Chemical Principles and Applications I

Module 1Fundamentals in Chemistry
Module 2Kinetics and Equilibria
Module 3Chemistry of the Elements


Biology is the scientific study of living organisms. The study of this subject leads to an understanding and appreciation of the concepts of life at all levels and hence to a greater respect and reverence for life. The interconnected web of life and the unique role of the human species are integral to the dynamic value of the biosphere. The CAPE Biology Syllabus prepares students to acquire knowledge about how to protect, sustain, conserve and improve the variety of life in the ecosphere. It also provides a foundation for persons wishing to pursue careers in biological, environmental, agricultural, medical, paramedical and applied science.

Unit 1: Biomolecules, Reproduction and Development

Module 1Cell and Molecular Biology
Module 2Genetics, Variation and Natural Selection
Module 3Reproductive Biology


Communication Studies builds students’ awareness of the centrality of language to the normal functioning of human beings and facilitates their ability to operate in the Caribbean linguistic environment and beyond. It also provides students with the confidence to respond appropriately and creatively to the implied challenges of that environment through the development of their language awareness and communicative competencies. It focuses primarily on the development of advanced competencies in Standard English, particularly Caribbean Standard English. At the same time, it attempts to develop an appreciation of the linguistic diversity of the Caribbean. In addition, it explores the implications of this diversity for social, cultural and economic transactions.

This syllabus consists of three Modules.

Module 1Gathering and Processing Information
Module 2Language and Community
Module 3Speaking and Writing

Management of Business procedures involved in managing a successful business enterprise.

The CAPE Management of Business syllabus provides not only a good foundation for further study of Management of Business and other related disciplines at the tertiary level, but also opportunities for students to function not only in existing business organisations, but also as successful entrepreneurs having developed the required knowledge and understanding of management principles, practices, and skills required to address managerial problems and the challenges faced by businesses

The syllabus is divided into two (2) Units. Each Unit comprises three Modules.


Unit 2: Application in Management

Module 1Production and Operations Management
Module 2Fundamentals of Marketing
Module 3Small Business Management


Mathematics is one of the oldest and most universal means of creating, communicating, connecting and applying structural and quantitative ideas. Students doing this syllabus will have already been exposed to Mathematics in some form mainly through courses that emphasise skills in using mathematics as a tool, rather than giving insight into the underlying concepts.

This syllabus will not only provide students with more advanced mathematical ideas, skills and techniques, but encourage them to understand the concepts involved, why and how they “work” and how they are interconnected. It is also to be hoped that, in this way, students will lose the fear associated with having to learn a multiplicity of seemingly unconnected facts, procedures and formulae. In addition, the course should show them that mathematical concepts lend themselves to generalisations, and that there is enormous scope for applications to solving real problems. The course is therefore intended to provide quality in selected areas rather than in a large number of topics.

The syllabus is arranged into two (2) Units, each Unit consists of three Modules.

Unit 1: Algebra, Geometry and Calculus

Module 1Basic Algebra and Functions
Module 2Trigonometry, Geometry and Vectors
Module 3Calculus I


Law is a system of rules usually enforced through a series of institutions. The CAPE Law Syllabus assists persons who wish to embark on further study and training for entry into the legal profession; it also addresses the needs of other persons engaged in occupations which require some knowledge of the law, such as clerks, paralegals, administrators, managers, the police and other public officers. It serves to inform persons of their rights and obligations, and to inculcate in them certain positive values, which are necessary in a civilised society.

The syllabus is arranged into two Units. Each Unit consists of three Modules.


UNIT 2: PRIVATE LAW

Module 1Law of Tort
Module 2Law of Contract
Module 3Real Property

Physics is the study of nature, conducted in order to understand how the world around us behaves. Physics study matter and its motion, as well as space and time and explores concepts such as forceenergymass, and charge. The CAPE Physics Syllabus will enable persons to be aware of the laws and theories of Physics that influence every aspect of their physical existence and to acquire understanding and knowledge of technological and scientific application of Physics, especially in the Caribbean context. The CAPE Physics Syllabus is structured to ensure that students become aware of their moral, social, and ethical responsibilities as well as the benefits intrinsic to the practical application of scientific knowledge in careers in the field of science. The syllabus also helps to develop an understanding of the scientific process, its usefulness and its limitations.

This syllabus is arranged into TWO Units, each made up of three Modules.

This syllabus is arranged into TWO Units, each made up of three Modules.

Unit 2Electricity and Magnetism, A.C. Theory and Atomic and Nuclear Physics

Module 1Electricity and Magnetism
Module 2A. C. Theory and Electronics
Module 3Atomic and Nuclear Physics

Caribbean Studies is an interdisciplinary field of study that draws on perspectives, largely from the humanities and social sciences to provide an understanding of Caribbean society and cultures. This interdisciplinary subject provides students with the opportunity to study issues relevant to the distinctive physical, political and socio-economic challenges facing the small states which comprise the region. Such study integrates perspectives from various disciplines including, Cultural Studies and Ethics, Economics, Government and Politics, History, International relations, Physical and Human Ecology, and Sociology, as tools for understanding Caribbean society and culture.

The CAPE Caribbean Studies Syllabus defines the Caribbean region in terms of its geography, common historical experiences, cultural identities, participation in the global community, intermixing of diverse ethnic and racial groups, and its continuing struggle for survival and sovereignty.

Persons who successfully complete this course will have developed an appreciation of the challenges and potential of being Caribbean citizens. They will understand their roles and responsibilities in preserving and contributing to their Caribbean heritage and the importance of regional cooperation for the development of the Caribbean.

The Caribbean Studies Syllabus comprises three Modules:

Module 1Caribbean Society and Culture
Module 2Issues in Caribbean Development
Module 3Investigating Issues in the Caribbean

Chemistry is a branch of science concerned with the properties and interactions of the substances of which matter is composed. This CAPE Chemistry Syllabus provides the specific knowledge base and the skills and attitudes associated with advanced study of the subject. It is structured to ensure that students become aware of their moral, social and ethical responsibilities, as well as the benefits to be derived from the practical application of scientific knowledge. Completion of the course of study outlined in this syllabus will enable persons to apply chemical principles to societal concerns such as birth control, communicable diseases, environmental pollution, global warming and the depletion of natural resources.

This syllabus is arranged into TWO Units, each made up of three Modules.


Unit 2: Chemical Principles and Applications II

Module 1The Chemistry of Carbon Compounds
Module 2Analytical Methods and Separation Techniques
Module 3Industry and the Environment

Biology is the scientific study of living organisms. The study of this subject leads to an understanding and appreciation of the concepts of life at all levels and hence to a greater respect and reverence for life. The interconnected web of life and the unique role of the human species are integral to the dynamic value of the biosphere. The CAPE Biology Syllabus prepares students to acquire knowledge about how to protect, sustain, conserve and improve the variety of life in the ecosphere. It also provides a foundation for persons wishing to pursue careers in biological, environmental, agricultural, medical, paramedical and applied science.


Unit 2: Bioenergetics, Biosystems and Applications

Module 1Bioenergetics
Module 2Biosystems Maintenance
Module 3Applications of Biology

The SAT is an entrance exam used by most colleges and universities to make admissions decisions. The SAT is a multiple-choice, pencil-and-paper test created and administered by the College Board. 

The purpose of the SAT is to measure a high school student's readiness for college, and provide colleges with one common data point that can be used to compare all applicants. College admissions officers will review standardized test scores alongside your high school GPA, the classes you took in high school, letters of recommendation from teachers or mentors, extracurricular activities, admissions interviews, and personal essays. How important SAT scores are in the college application process varies from school to school.

Overall, the higher you score on the SAT and/or ACT, the more options for attending and paying for college will be available to you.